Robert Graham, MD, a leading orthopedic surgeon providing state-of-the-art labral repair procedures in Austin, Texas. If you have symptoms like pain, inflammation, shoulder instability, and reduced range of motion, using methods aimed at relieving symptoms while strengthening the joint, or if you have shoulder pain, call Austin Shoulder Institute or make an appointment online today.
What is the labrum?
Your labrum is a ring of soft tissue that surrounds your shoulder joint. Your shoulder comprises several bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments that allow an extensive range of motion. The head of your humerus fits into the glenoid, the shoulder sock. Your labrum and rotator cuff hold the shoulder joint together and provide support, strength, and stability.
What are the different types of labral injuries?
Your labrum is at risk of injuries like partial or full tears and can also be stretched or damaged during a dislocation or shoulder fracture. Injuries to the labrum usually occur as a result of either direct or indirect trauma, such as a fall, sports injury or car accident, or from repetitive motion, like heavy lifting or throwing. You can also injure your labrum by pulling or stretching it beyond its limits. A tear can occur above or below the actual socket.
How is a labral injury diagnosed?
At Austin Shoulder Institute, your doctor begins diagnosis with a careful physical examination of the joint. They also collect an in-depth medical history to determine the possible causes of injury. Often, your doctor will order an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI of the shoulder to examine the soft tissues more closely and confirm the diagnosis. In some cases, your doctor may use a minimally-invasive procedure called arthroscopy to investigate the inside of the joint using specialized surgical instruments, which are inserted through a small incision.
What treatment options are used to treat the labrum?
In many cases, your doctor will recommend surgery to repair labral injuries, especially when the injury causes instability. At Austin Shoulder Institute, the doctors use state-of-the-art minimally-invasive surgical techniques to repair labral damage and damage of associated tissues like tendons so your joint heals rapidly and you have a reduced risk of infection and scarring.